The scenario in Indian Higher Education with respect to the four modes under GATS has been extensively
covered by Prof. Rupa Chanda of IIM Bangalore in her study on the implications of GATS for higher education
in India, which was presented on a Higher Education Summit, organized by FICCI in New Delhi on December
2, 2004. The highlights are as follows:
India’s Import Interests in Education Services
Mode 1: Prospects for distance education and degrees from foreign academic institutions.
Mode 2: Indian students studying in foreign universities (US, UK, Australia).
Over 40,000 studying in US courses (This is more like 75,000 added per year).
Several thousand in Europe.
Mode 3: foreign institutions entering India through twinning and franchise arrangements.
Indian students getting foreign degrees, doing professional courses at local branch campuses
of foreign institutions in India.
UK-based Wigan and Leigh College.
Indian School of Business tie-up with Kellogg, Wharton, and London Business
Western International University, Arizona.
NIIT tie-up with ITT Educational Services, USA.
Tata InfoTech tie-up with Hertfordshire University, UK.
Mode 4: Foreign faculty and scholars teaching in India.
India’s Export Interests in Education Services
Mode 1: Prospects for tele-education in management and executive training.
Experience with distance learning, use of new technologies (IGNOU).
Education process outsourcing with remote tutoring from India (along the lines of efforts by
Career Launcher, Educomp Datamatics etc.)
Mode 2: Students from developing countries studying in Indian engineering and medical colleges.
Around 5,500 students from neighbouring developing countries (2001).
Exchange programmes and twinning arrangements.
Mode 3: Setting up of overseas campuses, franchising by Indian institutions.
MAHE, BITS, Central Institute of English and Foreign Languages.
Over 100 CBSE schools abroad, catering to diaspora.
Mode 4: Indian teachers, lecturers teaching abroad in Middle East, Africa, researchers/scholars on
visiting arrangements abroad.
Some 10,000 secondary school teachers overseas.
Recruitment of Indian teachers in Maths, Science, English.
Potential as a regional hub for exporting higher education services.