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Archive for April, 2012

Education Act in India : Issues and Challenges

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Central Legislation through State Governments

State Government ownership is
critical
They are gauging the implications
First Central Act in Education –
unchartered territory for every one

 

Infrastructure Provision

Every school be equipped with certain minimum
infrastructure
Despite recent investments, huge gaps exist
Government faces a huge challenge of ensuring quality of
infrastructure and its maintenance
Equally a problem for NGO initiatives
Small private schools would also face difficulty
Recognition of NGO and Private Schools depend on
upgrading the infrastructure to meet the RTE norms
Can we afford to push them out altogether? What would
happen to children attending these schools? Should the
government provide supplementary resources?

 

Provision of Qualified Teachers

Ensuring teacher supply at 1:30 is a huge task
Teacher Pupil ratio to be monitored in every school
More than a million teachers have to appointed
Inadequacy of Institutions for teacher training
Issue of Redeployment and transfer of teachers
 Some states have begun to appoint teachers to schools
 Some are appointing to a Block Cadre with limited scope
for transfer.

 

 

 

 

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Education Act in India Contd..

 

 

Involvement of Private Schools

No school without recognition
 Conform to the minimum standards prescribed
All unaided schools to provide free education to at least
25% children from the weaker sections in the
neighbourhood
 Costs to be reimbursed – @ per child expenditure
incurred by the State

Protection of the Right

Independent Monitoring of the implementation of the Act is
assigned to the National council of Protection of Child
Rights (NCPCR) the main responsibility of
 Examine and review safeguards for rights under this Act,
recommend measures for effective implementation
 Inquire into complaints relating to child’s right to free and
compulsory education
 Conduct Periodic social Audit of the status of
implementation

RTE Implementation Road Map

RTE Implementation Road Map
Establishment of neighbourhood schools      :   3 years

Provision of school infrastructure                  :   3 years
–All weather school buildings
–One-classroom-one-teacher
–Head Teacher cum Office room, library
–Toilets, drinking water, kitchen sheds
–Barrier free access
–Playground, fencing, boundary walls

Provision of teachers as per prescribed PTR   :   3 years

Training of untrained teachers                          :   5 years

Quality interventions and other provisions      :   With immediate
effect

Education Act in India

Right of Children:

To free and compulsory admission, attendance and
completion of EE in a neighbourhood school
 Free: removal by the state of any financial barrier that
prevents a child from completing eight years of
schooling
 Compulsion: on the state; parental duty to send
children to school
Not enrolled/dropout children be admitted to age
appropriate class after a period of Special Training
No child shall be failed or expelled from school upto class 8
(– corresponds to the age group 6-14)

Schools:

Norms and standards specified – applicable to all schools
 Minimum Infrastructure
 Teacher-Pupil Ratio of 1:30
 School days (200 to 220 days) and total instructional
hours (800 to 1000 hours)
 Working days for teachers – weekly hours of work
To be applied in every school

Teachers:

Qualification for appointment of
teachers laid down at national level
Academic responsibility of the teachers
specified
No private tuition by fulltime school
teachers

Bringing Community and Schools closer:

Community participation ensured through School
Management Committee comprising parents, teachers and
elected representatives
 ¾ members from among parents of children in the school
 Proportionate representation to weaker and deprived
sections
Allocates major responsibility to the Local Authority –
Panchayati Raj system
 To proactively monitor the delivery of rights and
entitlements of children

To free and compulsory admission, attendance and
completion of EE in a neighbourhood school
 Free: removal by the state of any financial barrier that
prevents a child from completing eight years of
schooling
 Compulsion: on the state; parental duty to send
children to school
Not enrolled/dropout children be admitted to age
appropriate class after a period of Special Training
No child shall be failed or expelled from school upto class 8
(– corresponds to the age group 6-14)